Study of anatomy explains that a joint is a place where the ends of two or more bones meet. There are different types of joints within the body e.g. knee is considered a hinge joint because of its ability to bend and straighten like a hinged door where hip and shoulder are ball and socket joints in which the rounded end of one bone fits into a cup-shaped area of another bone. The doctor may suggest a joint replacement to improve how you live. Replacing a joint can relieve pain and help you move and feel better. Hips and Knees are replaced most often. Other joints that can be replaced include the shoulders, fingers, ankles, and elbows.
Several conditions can cause joint pain and disability and lead patients to consider joint replacement surgery. In many cases, joint pain is caused by damage to the cartilage that lines the ends of the bones either from arthritis, a fracture or any other condition.
Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which parts of an arthritic or damaged joint are removed and replaced with a metal, plastic or ceramic device called prosthesis. The prosthesis is designed to replicate the movement of a normal and healthy joint.
A week before your surgery, your surgical team and primary care doctor will spend time preparing you for your upcoming procedure e.g. your primary care doctor may check your general health, and your surgeon may require several tests — such as blood tests and a cardiogram — to help plan your surgery. There are also many things you can do to prepare. Talk to your doctor and ask questions. Prepare yourself physically by eating right and exercising. By planning ahead, you can help ensure a smooth surgery and speedy recovery.
On the day of surgery the surgical team will give you medicine (anesthesia). so you won’t feel pain. The medicine may block the pain only in one part of the body (regional), or it may put your whole body to sleep (general). The team will then replace the damaged joint with a new man-made joint. How long it takes depends on how badly the joint is damaged and how the surgery is done. To replace a knee or a hip takes about 2 hours or less, unless there are complicating factors. After surgery, you will be moved to a recovery room for 1 to 2 hours until you are fully awake or the numbness goes away.
Post operative Recovery may vary for each patient. We will encourage you to use your “new” joint shortly after your operation. Although it may be challenging at times but following your doctor’s instructions will help you to have a speedy recovery. Patient may experience some temporary pain in the replaced joint because the surrounding muscles are weak from inactivity while the body is adjusting to the new joint, and the tissues are healing. This pain should resolve as the time passes by.